Second case of monkeypox identified in NSW

A second case of monkeypox has been identified in New South Wales.

A man in his 50s developed symptoms after arriving in Sydney from Queensland.

"He subsequently presented to his GP and then hospital with symptoms clinically compatible with monkeypox," NSW Health said in a statement.

EXPLAINED: What is monkeypox and what are its symptoms?

The primary innoculation lesion for monkeypox infection.

"Urgent testing is consistent with monkeypox, the second case in NSW."

The man is currently in hospital.

NSW Health added he lives alone and authorities haven't identified any high-risk contacts in NSW who need to isolate however some people who had low level contact will be advised to monitor for symptoms.

The case is not connected to the first which was reported two weeks ago.

"NSW Health is working with Queensland Health to identify potential transmission incidents," NSW Health said.

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This electron microscopic (EM) image depicted a monkeypox virion, obtained from a clinical sample associated with the 2003 prairie dog outbreak. It was a thin section image from of a human skin sample. On the left were mature, oval-shaped virus particles, and on the right were the crescents, and spherical particles of immature virions. High Resolution:	Click here for hi-resolution image (5.21 MB) Content Providers(s):	CDC/ Cynthia S. Goldsmith Creation Date:	2003 Photo Credit:	Cynthia S. Goldsmi

NSW Chief Health Officer Dr Kerry Chant said the community does not need to be concerned about the risk of the virus.

"We will continue to work with GPs, hospitals and sexual health services across the state to provide advice on diagnosis and referral," Chant said.

Monkeypox is a rare viral infection that does not spread easily between people and symptoms include fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) said monkeypox symptoms are "very similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although it is clinically less severe".

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It is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal, the WHO said.

The WHO said vaccines used to eradicate smallpox also provide protection against monkeypox.

More than 550 cases of monkeypox have been identified in 30 different countries, according to WHO.

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