What Are The Types Of Thyroid, How Do They Hamper Health


The thyroid is a common disease in the US and every other country. Women are more likely to have this disorder than men. Multiple causes lead to this condition, and one of them is that it can also run through the family. Do you want to learn much more about this disease and how it affects your body? Then have a look at the below article.

It is recognized as an essential part of our bodies which gives support to make them work in rhythm. It is the category of a gland that resembles several other glands in our body. Every gland is one of the important organs in our body because they secrete hormones. These hormones will help activate certain processes & proper work in your torso. This gland is placed in the front region of the neck, and the shape of the gland is like a butterfly. The organ is narrower on the inner side, and it gets bigger like wings to sides.

The thyroid is recognized for its hormones which will be responsible for activating certain processes in your torso. However, in case your secreting glands fail to work, it will also affect the purpose of your body. There are various thyroid disorders that you have to face when your thyroid gland is not working correctly. If the level of thyroid hormone is decreased in the body, then you will face hypothyroidism. Whereas when your thyroid gland secretes the extra hormone, you will face hyperthyroidism. These two are the major conditions that you will encounter with the thyroid gland.

Role Of Thyroid Hormone:-

As we know, the thyroid hormone is essential for the better metabolism of your body. These hormones will help you to control all the metabolism functions in your body. Metabolism is the essential procedure that will help your body to work well. In simpler words, metabolism will turn your food into energy which is required to do all the body functions. You should know that the energy which you gain by metabolism is one of the important ones because without that you can’t complete the task.

The thyroid hormones help to regulate the metabolism in a better way by secreting two major hormones such as T4 and T3. These two are the crucial hormones secreted by the thyroid gland, which will transfer the information to cells. The information is about how much stamina they have to apply to do a certain task. You can also call these hormones the activating hormones. When your thyroid gland works properly in the body, it will conserve the metabolism rate at an accurate level. But, if the gland fails to work appropriately, it will influence your body with several adverse symptoms.

Types Of Thyroid Diseases:-

In this disorder, you may see the abnormal secretion of the thyroid hormones. You should also know that the work of the thyroid gland is monitored by the pituitary gland, which is situated in the brain. This will monitor all the metabolism processes and help the thyroid if anything unusual happens. If the thyroid gland doesn’t produce a normal amount of hormone, the pituitary gland will secrete Thyroid Stimulating Hormone to balance it properly. It sends a command to the thyroid gland to increase the level of hormone secretion whenever necessary.

  • Hyperthyroidism:-

When your thyroid gland secretes more of thyroid hormone, it will disturb the normal function of the body. Your body will use high energy to do particular work, and this will make you tired very soon. Hyperthyroidism will also make your heart beat faster because you will get tired in less time than a normal person. Sometimes it will also lead you to sudden weight loss, which will affect your overall health.

  • Hypothyroidism:-

Occasionally, the thyroid gland will secrete less of thyroid hormone, which makes you tired & also leads you to the weight gain process. The less quantity of thyroid hormone in your system is also called hypothyroidism. A person who has hypothyroidism cannot sustain cold temperatures.

Who Is More Likely To Get Affected:-

As we know that more women are diagnosed with the thyroid gland. Most of the time, people who are diagnosed with this condition will get symptoms as the age increases, but sometimes, if anyone in their family has this condition, then they will end up with one. People age above 60 are also more likely to be diagnosed with the condition. In case you also consume iodine through your medications, you can end with the thyroid-imbalance condition. The iodine level in your body should be balanced one every situation. It can also be a side effect of past surgery or any other severe disease.

How Will Thyroid Hamper Your Health?

If you have this condition, you may suffer from several consequences. But, you should also know that the symptoms of this condition resemble several common life stages. Therefore, sometimes it is hard to notice the symptoms of this diseases. Most people treat this symptom like any other viral disease and try to suppress it. However, with time, it gets severe, and this severity is in rapid effect. The following are the common symptoms through which it hampers your health:

Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism:-

  • Irregular sleeping patterns
  • Develop nervousness, depression, & anxiety several times
  • Sudden loss of weight
  • The large size of the thyroid gland
  • Heat sensation to a great extent
  • Inconsistent menstrual cycles & sometimes the cycle may stop
  • Weak muscles & tremor
  • Weakening of the illusion of the eyes.

Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism:-

  • Constant and Quick Tiredness
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Memory loss may occur (in rare cases)
  • Heavy periods every month along with extreme pain
  • The hydration from the hair reduces
  • Hardness in the voice
  • Sensitive to chilled temperatures

All the above symptoms will be caused by several health conditions such as hair loss problems and low sodium levels in some cases. Low sodium levels lead you to frequent seizures.


Noticing the symptoms of the thyroid is among the hardest parts but taking blood tests and doctor advice helps to diagnose this condition soon. Women are prone to this condition more than men. This can be due to past severe diseases or inherited genes from their family. Several medicines and treatments are present, which helps the hormonal level to go back to normal. This eventually helps in regulating the metabolism.

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